Cybersecurity threats are the biggest challeges of 2020
Before jumping into the topic of cybersecurity threats…please stop. Why? Let’s find out the priority of this context. After finding the priority you could understand it better which one stands first. “The cybersecurity or its threat.”
However, the answer is very simple-first, it is important to know the meaning of the term
Cybersecurity is a service provider that helps to secure electronic devices. It includes computers, mobiles, laptops, gadgets whichever runs through software. Cybersecurity is a program of algorithms that help to protect all these devices from viruses. It provides a secure ecosystem to function devices well in all aspects.
It helps to protect exposure-related issues in information technology. Besides, it ensures the protection of electronic information leaking.
Therefore we found cybersecurity as information Technology security.
Cybersecurity is classified as under to prevent the threat.
It is classified Such as :
3.Asset operational security
4.Disaster recovery and continuity
5.end user education addresses
Let’s discuss the points on cybersecurity above.
1. Information security
This Security protects the integrity and confidentiality of data. Besides, it ensures protection in transit.
2. Network Security
This security protects computers from intruders trying to inject malware in a network system.
In addition to this, the security application focuses on keeping security software, electronic devices free from threats. When any infected app provides easy access to data manipulation. This security defends it from all malware. The successful protection begins in the design phase before the booting process starts. Network security is necessary for big institutions and organizations.
3. Operational Security
Operational security is the technique to provides security for protecting data assets. Using these securities users can store his data at a particular location with verified security access.
4. Disaster recovery and continuity
This security enables continuity of business deals with data recovery and continuity. if any hacking incident occurs, It helps to avoid the loss and destruction of business data. In addition to that, business continuity is a project that protects its data sources and restores back to the organization’s master data without loss. Besides, it works successfully without having any record of old network data.
5. End-user education addresses.
It deals with a threat when people unknowingly allow malware to intrude into the device. Even after following the security guideline, still, breaching the policy. That means they try to prevent viruses but accidentally inject the malware into the devices. Ex. Removing suspicious email attachments to users, not plugging in unknown USB drives, and many other security lessons are essential to protecting many organizations.
Cybersecurity threat scale and its types.
The global cybersecurity threat is developing rapidly, with data breaches increasing every year. A report by Risk Based Security states that in the first nine months of 2019, only 7.9 billion records were exposed by data breaches. This figure is more than double (112%) record in 2018 over the same period.
A public institution, retailer, net cafe, medical services are the most affected area in this regard. Cybercriminals are using these networks to operate to fulfill their target. Accidentally the innocent people come under this trap.
Knowing the growing cybersecurity threats rate, the international data corporation projected an estimate. This estimated value is around $ 133.7 billion. It is assumed that more expenditure will prevail on cybersecurity solutions worldwide by 2020. It is also expected to be continued in the following year.
Looking into the vulnerability of cybersecurity, various Government takes initiative to tackle this threat. The government is also passing a resolution for forming laws against cyber threats in their related zones. This step of Government is being vastly appreciable everywhere by their residents worldwide.
What are the cybersecurity threats?
Cybersecurity threats can be applied to many folds of behavior. Ex. when a cybercriminal wants to use malware to attack a single user, he can not use the same for a group of persons or organizations. They have an overall plan for different malware for different types of attacking categories. Here a question arises on -how does a cybercriminal hack an entire computer system?- let’s find out.
Let discuss some of the facts about security threat due to which our devices need cybersecurity.
- Malware: It is a malicious coding software program. Its algorithm is best on manipulating legitimate software to behave like a malfunction. Moreover, depending upon the depth of security cybercriminal uses it as a tool of crime. However, malware is the common name of all threats we find in an operating system.
There are several types of malware, including:
Virus: it is a type of malware having malicious coding software. It has an extraordinary ability to replicate itself and spread like a virus in the system. It is often used as Trojans to steal data or harm the system completely.
Spyware: This is a malicious programming code injected into a system secretly. In addition to that, it has the ability to hide somewhere inside the system. Subsequently, It monitors every activity of the user. Spyware spy every action of the user to steal his data.
Ransomware: it is a kind of malware that threatens users to delete all his data if he refused to pay a ransom.
Adware: This is advertising software that gives ads to implant malware. When the user clicks these ads malware enters the system. Subsequently, it damages internal software.
Botnet: Bonet is a hijack network system. cybercriminals often use a botnet to operate their online activity. All types of dark web sites come under this category.
SQL injection: SQL (Structured Language Query) injection is a kind of malicious programming code. cybercriminals often use it to steal data from databases and control its function. They develop an app to insert malicious code into the database. This injection otherwise known as malicious SQL statements. This gives cybercriminals retrieving sensitive information in the database.
Phishing: Cyber Criminals do phishing when they target victims with emails seeking sensitive information. Contrary to this, they perform all these tasks from a sensitive looking email. Phishing is famous in offices, organizations to perform stealing data activity.
Man in the middle attack: It is a kind of malware used to stealing network access between two people. It happens in various wifi networks between two operators. As a result of this, cybercriminals steal one’s network access data by injecting malicious code for their personal use. This type of attack is known as a man in the middle attack.
denial of service attack: Denial of service attack means that cybercriminals block computer systems from serving networks. Besides, it blocks servers to prevent legitimate requests. Subsequently, makes the system unusable and preventing the organization from performing important tasks.
Let’s see Recent traps of cybersecurity threats.
It is very important to know the latest threats and their solutions. It is an unenviable task to protect our devices. Cyber threats are now in concern for cybersecurity professionals. The UK is the latest cyber threat stated by the US and Australian governments recently.
In December 2019, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) reported a cybercriminals group that performed cyber hardware attacks. Their campaigns prevail everywhere in various regions. This group delivers their job in an organized manner to inject malicious viruses into the computer hardware system. This campaign has a great impact on Government institutions, medical services, public institutions, banking, and many other sectors worldwide.
Dridex is an economic Trojan that has many capabilities. Victims have been affected since 2014, infecting phishing emails or computers with existing malware. Dridex steals personal data, password details, banking details deliberately. Through which it performs fraudulent transactions. Subsequently, cores of financial losses occur.
Looking into the sensitivity of the matter, the UK’s National cybersecurity center urges their citizen to ensure the anti-virus installation on their devices. In addition to that, it should remain always up-to-date, so that whenever necessary files could be back up immediately. It is necessary for security reasons.
Dating site scam.
US Department of Corrections in Feb 2020 warned about a scam known as dating site scam. Through which cybercriminals committed fraud using dating sites, dating apps. In this type of scams, criminals take user personal Information of those who searching for partners in different dating sites.
The FBI had reported 6 million financial losses due to the dating site scams. Moreover, more than about 114 victims in New Mexico in 2019 had affected by this scam.
The Australian Cyber Security Center identified a malware know as Emote malware in late 2019. Since then cybersecurity personnel reported its vulnerability and harness to worldwide.
Emote is a trojan malware develop as a sophisticated password reminder. It seems like creating a password application for security reasons. Whenever u create and follow these instructions this malware steals your data immediately.
End user’s protection software.
End-user security or endpoint security is an important component of cybersecurity. Along with it has observed that a user at his end known as “endpoint user” generally uploads various types of malware targeting laptops, computers, mobiles, or any other electronic device.
This security software relay on cryptographic protocols that encrypt user data. In addition to that, it creates one more layer of security to email password, profile password, and other many important documents. Subsequently, ensuring the privacy of the user. Not only it protects cargo information but also prevents from being lost or theft.
Besides, it runs in the user’s computer and scans all the data and checks thoroughly. If any malicious code is detected it blocks immediately. It also detects the hidden malicious code present in the master boot record(MBR). After detection, it encrypts the remaining data for safe and deletes others from the hard disk permanently.
The evolution of cybersecurity going to continue until the cyber professional finds new threats. We must acknowledge the solution to protect our device accordingly.